CS444 is a low carbon, dual stabilised, molybdenum containing ferritic stainless steel with good ductility, toughness and resistance to sensitisation, even in the welds. With 18% chromium and 2% molybdenum, the steel has good pitting resistance and crevice corrosion resistance, similar to CS316 and good general corrosion resistance and oxidation resistance, similar to 316 in most environments. Being a ferritic stainless steel, CS444 is not susceptible to Stress Corrosion Cracking. Annealed CS444 is ductile and can be formed using a wide range of roll forming or mild stretch bending operations as well as the more common drawing and bending operations. CS444 does not harden excessively during cold working.
The steel has limited weld-ability and should not be used in the as-welded condition for dynamic or impact loaded structures. As with most ferritic stainless steels, CS444 can undergo grain growth in the heat affected zone of weld-ments, which may adversely affect the mechanical properties in these zones. Applications involving welded CS444 are thus generally limited to a thickness of 2.5mm.
CS444 has good pitting resistance and is thus suitable for roofing and cladding in marine environments, as well as hot water tanks and geysers, heat exchanger tubing and food processing equipment.